Gurdjieff was a Pontic Greek-Armenian mystic, teacher, and writer of the early 20th century. Time Magazine reported that Gurdjieff came across as "a remarkable blend of P.T. Barnum, Rasputin, Freud, Groucho Marx and everybody's grandfather." He tried to synthesize Eastern esoteric and mystical thought with European ideas, into a philosophy which has been called the "Fourth Way." He attributed the origins of his ideas to conversations he had on travels in his youth, during which he claimed to have spoken to members of a secret group of advanced spiritual masters, the Sarmoung Brotherhood.
The Sarmoung Brotherhood is claimed to have originated in Babylon, around 2500 B.C. They are said to have been associated with Zoroaster, and to transmit the esoteric knowledge of 'pre-sand' Egypt. It is alleged that Sarmoung agents, the Khwajagan Masters of Wisdom, secretly control the Northern Sufi. The Sarmoungs are reported to have monasteries in the Hindu Kush and in Tibet.
Sometimes the world seems just chock-a-block with secret societies and hidden orders of wise men. Surely they all must meet and compare notes, just so they don't all step on each other's plans for world domination. I imagine a bar, in Singapore, or New York, Marseilles, or Cairo. The Sarmoung have a table, as do the Great White Brotherhood, the Secret Chiefs, the Illuminati, the Knights Templar, the Nine Unknown Men, and the Skull and Bones, the last represented by John Kerry and George W. Bush. Kerry is drinking white wine. Bush is drinking O'Douls.