I stumbled across this story about the L.A. mac & cheese renaissance. (Scary concept, that.) What is most interesting to me is the historical stuff. They were actually eating lasagna in England in the 1300's?! Or loseyns, as it is spelled in The Forme of Cury, a cookbook from the 1390's. Seems to have been very different from today's lasagna; it could not have tomatoes in it, for example, which are a New World plant, and were unknown in Europe before Columbus. Here's a recipe for it translated into modern English. Without the tomatoes, it sounds more like mac & cheese. The 'chese ruayn' seems to have been a semi-soft cheese made in the autumn, similar to modern French fromage de gaing.
The author of the L.A. Times story thinks the English discovered pasta because of their Norman aristocracy, which had connections with the Normans who had interests in Sicily. Sounds reasonable. It also seems that al dente is a modern concept. Old Italian cookbooks advise boiling macaroni for two hours. *faints*
I *heart* mac & cheese... Mmmmm. But it's one of those filling winter dishes that may not be right for the hot weather we're getting into in the NE US right now. But maybe ktnflag could get into it.
All right, I gotta put up or shut up. Here's the best recipe I know for mac & cheese:
---------- Recipe via Meal-Master (tm) v8.06 Title: James Beard's Macaroni and Cheese Categories: Pasta, Main dish Yield: 4 Servings 1/4 c Butter 1/4 c Flour 2 c Milk, warmed 1/2 ts Tabasco Dash of ground black pepper 1/2 ts Salt 1/2 c Heavy cream 12 oz Extra sharp Cheddar cheese 8 oz Elbow macaroni, uncooked While preparing the cheese sauce below, cook the macaroni to al dente in a couple quarts of water. Grate the cheese. Melt the butter, add flour, and cook for 5 minutes over very low heat, stirring often. Do not let the flour brown. Remove from heat, and stir in the milk gradually, with a whisk, to prevent lumps. Cook this béchamel for another five minutes. Add salt, pepper, Tabasco, and cream. Melt three-quarters of the cheese into the sauce. Mix sauce and cooked macaroni, and pour into a greased 9 x 9 in. pan. Top with remaining cheese. Bake at 350 degrees F. until the top and edges are slightly brown, 40 minutes or longer. Remove from oven, and let stand for 5 to 10 minutes before serving. -----
meaning: world, generation
世紀 == seiki == century. As in: 新 世紀 エヴァンゲリオン
世界 == sekai == world
|Originally a pictograph of three crosses, i.e., three 'ten' radicals. Thirty years was considered a 'generation'. Henshall suggests as a mnemonic: 'Odd world of the thirties' generation'.|